Saab 17

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Before the rise of the risk of war between Nazi Germany and the Franco-British alliance the Swedish government studied the acquisition of new aircraft equipment. Decided to maintain its neutrality Swedish purchased licenses of aircraft constructions with the Allies but also the Nazis. Thus were built in Sweden in Italian CR-32 fighter, the German bomber Ju-86, US schools aircraft NA-16, and Douglas 8A reconnaissance aircraft. 

In 1937, shortly after its inception, the company SAAB (Svenska Aeroplan AB) studied the design and construction of a single-engined ground attack and armed reconnaissance. This aircraft was to be the first device originally designed by SAAB. The plane was designated SAAB B17 and made its first flight May 18, 1940, or during the war.

This device was a sleek single-engine two-seater mid wing. Much like a hunter, the B17 was quickly acquired by the Flygvapnet who first ordered 325 copies. Featuring a classic retractable landing gear, the B17 also had a long canopy closed cockpit. Large bulges under the wings allowed to enter the main landing gear, strengthened to serve? Airbrake. Versions equipped with skis had additional air brakes under the mast before skiing.

Early versions of the B17 (B17a) were driven by an American Pratt & Whitney R1830-SC3G of 1065ch. The B17a were devoted to missions of ground attack and dive bombing. Capable of competing with the Ju-87 Stuka Luftwaffe, the B17a was not exported in Europe mostly under Nazi domination.

In 1941, Saab developed the B17b version with an English engine Bristol Pegasus XXIV of 980ch, but Flygvapnet made them into seaplane and used them under the name S17B. They were used for maritime reconnaissance missions and reconnaissance of the battlefield. The S17B was built 38 copies.

Before the troubles due to the reversal of Germany against the USSR, the Swedish company received the order of 145 new aircraft to attack from the B17a. SAAB decided to design the B17C version equipped with an Italian Piaggio P-XIA of 1020ch. During the conflict B17 three were shot by foreign aircraft: a S17B by a Fw-190 Luftwaffe, a B17a by a P-51 USAAF and another B17a by a Mosquito of the RAF.

Total production reached all versions, 376 appareils.Les B17 were all removed from service by Sweden in 1948, after proving their value and robustness. In 1944, the Danish Free Forces received a lot of B17, which did not participate in the liberation of Denmark. Between 47 and 50? S Ethiopia recovered 47 B17C she used for attack and reconnaissance missions. The last Ethiopian SAAB were withdrawn from service in 1969.

Danish Saab 17 

Specifications : 
Wingspan: 13.70 m
Length: 9.80 m
Height: 4.35 m
Wing area: 28,50 m²
Empty weight: 2 600 kg
Loaded Weight: 3 790 kg
Engine: STW C-3 (manufactured by Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin WASP license version) 14-cylinder air-cooled double-radial engine, power 1 065 hp.
Max speed: 420 km / h
Service Ceilling: 8 500 m
Range: 1 800 km.
Crew : 2

Operators : 

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