The Kamikaze

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The Kamikaze 

The Kamikaze is a pilot member of a military team from the Japanese Empire that conducted suicide missions during the Pacific War

It was proposed to squash his plane on boats of the US Navy and its alliés3. It was a strategy militaire4 self-blast (procedure Jibaku) to address the absence of successful military and fuel for air ship; it was to explode a charge against the objective for most extreme harm.

By expansion, in the West, the term used to portray any individual who deliberately relinquishes his life in a suicide assault. All the more extensively and allegorically, it might choose a man who penances himself, or if nothing else that intentionally puts in peril an individual, proficient or something else.

History :
This type of attack would have experienced a history during the War of Shanghai in 1932, a battle between several weeks the Japanese army and the Chinese army, during which young Japanese equipped with explosives would be detonated in Chinese trenches. It seems this is the first time that this kind of phenomenon has appeared in the history of mankind.

In the summer of 1944, the Imperial headquarters, to stop the enemy thrust, decided to set up a special unit of attack (tokkotai) charged by his sacrifice to invoke the kami to repeat the miracle of 1274 (see Etymology section ).

This unit consisted freshly majority of student volunteers called up for military (they had been spared until now, to constitute the elite of the future empire). These cadets took off without a parachute and returned to their base in the absence of enemy ships. The appeal in that unity was both a significant honor and a death sentence. Towards the end of the war, the training was reduced to seven days (two days to learn takeoff, two for steering and three for attack tactics).

The first official appearance of kamikazes takes place during the Battle of Leyte Gulf on October 25, 1944. Their squadrons were formed by Vice Admiral Takijirō Ōnishi.

The first was commanded by Lieutenant Yukio Seki. The five "volunteers" suicide bombers, led by him, flew Mitsubishi A6M5 model 52 "Zero", each carrying a 250 kg bomb. They plunged deliberately with their devices on ships of the US Navy in what is acknowledged to be the first successful attack squadron official suicide.

Bunker Hill hit by two Kamikazes in 30 seconds
on 11 May 1945 off Kyushu. Dead-372.
Wounded-264., 1943 - 1958",
from Archival Research Catalog.
The attack was a success since four of the five drivers entered managed to reach their target, inflicting significant damage, particularly to the aircraft carrier USS Santee escort. A Zero, likely piloted by Lieutenant Seki, hit the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS St. Lo escort 10 h 53. The bomb exploded Zero on the port hangar deck. There followed a fire and secondary explosions which in turn blew torpedoes and bombs reserve the USS St. Lo. Unique during the war, escort aircraft carrier sank half an hour later, 126 of his men were killed. Before leaving on a mission, Lieutenant Yukio Seki would have said: "The future of Japan is bleak if it is forced to kill one of its best pilots. I do not do this mission for the Emperor and the Empire ... I do, because I have ordered! "12 About forty American and Allied ships
were sunk in this way, and a hundred damaged.

The largest attacks took place during the Battle of Okinawa, at Kikusui operations involving over 400 aircraft suicide, and the first Ohka. At the Battle of Okinawa, the Americans lost 20 ships sunk by kamikazes (against 9 by conventional attacks) to over 200 affected to varying degrees.

Ceremonial and motivation of the Japanese kamikaze
From ceremonial of an attack, the military vowed allegiance to Hirohito, Japan's Emperor recited a tanka poem farewell as referring to the duty of sacrifice and the ultimate drinking sake, turning in the direction of their region of birth. They knotted around their forehead, above the flight helmet, headband Hachimaki the colors of the flag of Japan (Hinomaru) (flag solar disc), white decorated with a red circle. The Kyokujitsuki variant flag of the Imperial Japanese Navy with sixteen rays surrounding the red disc, also existed.

This act of sacrifice was often accompanied by a battle cry (as in the days of the samurai) to give courage - the famous "Tennō Heika banzai" literally meaning "Long live His Imperial Majesty") or more commonly banzai, term borrowed from the Chinese culture, then used as cinema.

While some suicide bombers were willing to sacrifice themselves for their emperor, others were forced into this act by the military staff and social pressure

Aircraft models:  

-- Yokosuka Mxy7 Ohka (designed specifically for kamikaze missions)

-- Mitsubishi A6M

-- Nakajima Ki-43

-- Yokosuka D4Y

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