Fokker E.III

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The Fokker E.III was a German monoplane fighter guyed of WWI made by Fokker factories.



History :    

The E.III is derived, like the rest of the series of Fokker monoplanes Fokker M5K. This was the most common version of this type of aircraft and he was the first fighter in series production in the world with a synchronized machine gun that fired through the propeller, a technology that revolutionized the building fighter jets and air combat. This device was one of its major advantages, as it allowed German pilots shoot at enemy aircraft while continuing to target. Allied planes on the same period, the machine guns were installed higher up, which was not practical to adjust the shooting or they were also firing through the propeller field, but is not synchronized with the blades. In the latter case, part of the balls inevitably crashed into the propeller and were deflected by metal baffles attached to the rear of the blades, but the finish becomes imprecise and some bullets were deflected so that they presented a danger for the driver him -even that was protecting stooping during firing. The propellers also wore a lot faster




The first flight of this aircraft developed by Anthony Fokker took place in 1915 and it began to be delivered to units in August of the same year. It was a great success with drivers waiting impatiently to be filled, and it was so clearly superior to allied aircraft which then spoke of Fokker Scourge, the "Fokker scourge". Between September 1915 and August 1916, 258 copies in total left the factory in Schwerin and it was then the first unit arrived in sufficient numbers on the front to form homogeneous units of hunters, Kampfeinsitzer Kommandos (KEK, in French " commandos single-seat fighters "). On 10 August 1916, the first Jagdstaffel (fighter squadron) was formed and it was equipped with E.III. Apart from the German army, the E.III also fitted to the Austro-Hungarian army and the Turkish army. The latter had 22 copies some of which were based in Beersheba, Palestine, while others participated in the siege of Kut-al-Amara in Mesopotamia. It is through this unit that German ace Boelcke and Immelmann distinguished themselves in summer of 1915 and spring 1916.

In spring 1916, Fokker tried to perfect the E-type building Fokker E.IV.




General characteristics 

Crew: 1
Length: 7.2 m (23.6 ft)
Wingspan: 9.5 m (31.2 ft)
Height: 2.4 m (7.9 ft)
Empty weight: 399 kg (879.4 lb)
Maximum takeoff weight: 610 kg (1 344.4 lb)
Powerplant: 1 × 9-cylinder rotary engine Oberursel I.U.
Power: 74 kW (99 HP; 100 hp)

Performance
maximum speed: 141 km / h (88 mph; 76 kt)
Cruising speed : 120 km / h (75 mph; 65 kt)
Range: 240 km (130 nmi; 149 mi)
Flight ceiling: 3,500 m (11,483 ft)

Armament
Machine Guns: 1 × 7.92 mm machine gun LMG 08/15 "Spandau"




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