Caproni Ca.100

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The caproni ca.100 is a biplane airplane model of the Italian brand Caproni 1930 The aircraft was affectionately known Caproncino - small Caproni - by its users because of its small size.

History : 

The design of the caproni ca.100 is directly related to the desire of Italo Balbo, then Italian Minister of Aviation Mussolini to promote aviation mass culture by developing the aviation tourism. In this context, in January 1928, the Air Ministry issued a specification for the construction of a light aircraft to be used for basic training in flight schools as the Royal Aeronautical National Union ( RUNA) as liaison aircraft and tourism.

Almost all Italian aircraft manufacturers have responded to this call and presented a prototype for trials in February 1929. Ten projects were selected, those developed by Ansaldo, fiat aviazione and  Breda Avio and CAB and Caproni and  CANT and IMAM, Aermacchi and  Piaggio Aero and Piero Magni aviazione1.

The Caproni company had decided not to develop an entirely new project, but to take the basics of the de Havilland Moth DH.60 which it held production rights. The project of the original cell was associated with a reverse sesquiplane wing, a distinctive characteristic line already adopted by Caproni Aeronautica for Ca.73 bomber designed by Rodolfo Verduzio. The construction technique was very classic with a covered wooden structure with a painted canvas.

The prototype, registered under military registration MM.110 flew for the first time during the last months of 1928.

After numerous comparative tests on all competing models: Bonomi B-2 and Breda Ba.15 CAB C.4 and CANT 26 and Fiat-Ansaldo AS.1 and Gabardini B.7 and Romeo Ro.5, Mr. Macchi Piaggio P.91 and 70, it was appreciated by the results "interesting" but the jury declared the winner Fiat-Ansaldo proposal. The ca.100 was then re-evaluated through a series of performances by Mario Bernardi in a new model of the road show in several European countries.

Specificatins :
Length: 7,30 m
Wingspan: down 10,00 m, above 8,35 m
Height: 2,75 m
Wing area: 24.4 m²
Empty weight: 400 kg
Maximum take-off weight: 680 kg
Drive: 1 × 4-cylinder series engine De Havilland Gipsy
Power: 85 hp
Max speed: 165 km / h
Travel speed: 140 km / h
Service height: 4.000 m
Climbing time at 6,000 m: 5,26 min.
Range : 700 km
Crew: 2

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