The Blériot XI

03:12 Aviation Views 0 Comments

The Blériot XI-2, slightly larger version of the famous Bleriot XI, July 25, 1909, was the first flying machine heavier than air to cross the Channel, was first created at the request of the Army, which wished to have an observer on board. This led Louis Blériot to design and build a civilian version of the device, which allowed Adolphe Pégoud in 1913 to make the first flights then reversed the first loop.

Our unit, equipped with a rotary engine brand "The Rhône" in line with that of the original aircraft and built in the 1910s, was made by the expert hands Cerny marcel Bellencontre in the early 1980s , according to the techniques of the early century and with the same materials as the original.

Note that, in 2009, our Bleriot XI-2 took part in many centennial celebrations in honor of Louis Bleriot:

He made the first and last flight of the Paris Air Show and was seen particularly in the centenary celebrations of the contest of Reims, on the centenary of the Portuguese air force, and on July 25 he made the hands of John Stone LAFILLE, crossing the Channel in 37 minutes, ie the same time as louis Blériot

History : 

The choice of Louis Blériot monoplane to use a result of his experiences and a certain realism. The facts proved him right with the Blériot XI, the most efficient aircraft safer and more manageable this time.

The Bleriot monoplane XI² is a two-seat, single-engine propeller tractive originally intended for observation of the battlefield. The square section fuselage is formed around four ash spars connected by mullions and transoms. The assembly is stiffened by braces in piano wires. The front section is covered with canvas and sheet aluminum.

The wings built of ash and poplar are easily removable thanks to all cables connecting the fuselage. The trailing edge near the root is indented to give better visibility to the observer.

Lateral control is obtained by twisting of the trailing edge of the wing tips by a system of cables and pulleys connected to the joystick. The landing gear is automatically adjustable with a return to neutral by rubber bands.

XI² the Bleriot was the first aircraft to be engaged in a combat operation with the Italian intervention in Libya in 1911.

At the 1914 declaration of war, the Blériot XI² squadrons equipped the 3, 9, 10, 18, and 30 of the Military Aviation, squadrons 1, 3, 7 and 16 of the Royal Flying Corps, plus some units of the Royal naval Air Service. He was also a number in the Italian Air Force, Belgian, Russian and Serbian. All devices experienced intense operations at the beginning of the conflict, but their limitations were quickly identified; payload, range and weaponry. As they were relegated on theaters of operations

Specificaton : 

1st flight: 1910

Manufacturer: Ateliers Louis Bleriot

Crew: One

Engine: Rotary Rhone 7 B 80 Cv

Wingspan: 10.351 m

Length: 8,401m

Height: 3.001m

Empty Weight: 325Kg

Max takeoff weight: 650 kg

Ceiling: 4000 m

Action radius: 350 km

0 commentaires: